Category Archives: Networking

Behind the Wall: The Internet is Made of Light

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(this is the third post of the series “behind the wall”. Here are the first and second) The Internet is made of light. That is because the Internet’s backbone is mostly made of optical fibre links that guide light pulses representing data streams.  Optical fiber technology permits the transmission of… Read more »

Behind the Wall – The structure of the Internet

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  The Internet is a network of networks. Every machine that is connected to the Internet is part of a network. At home, you are likely connected to an Internet Service Provider (ISP). At work, your computer is part of the organization’s local area network (LAN), a network that is… Read more »

Behind the Wall – What is the Internet Anyway?

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It started when my cousin asked, “So what exactly DO you do for a living?” “Do you have a computer tethered by a data cable to the wall?” I responded. “Yes,” “Well my job is to build what goes on behind the wall.” This conversation happened just a few years… Read more »

Firewalls

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Firewalls are the primary defense mechanisms against network security threats. A firewall is a system that can be positioned between any two networks to control the passage of data traffic in and out of these networks. Typically, the two networks are the internal, trusted, network and the Internet [1]. Firewalls… Read more »

Wireless will become the primary LAN technology

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The mainstream consumer market started seeing Wi-Fi products based on IEEE 802.11ac standard in 2013. The standard is the fifth generation of Wi-Fi networking technology that promises more bandwidth to users at home and the office. The new Wi-Fi brings new improvements to wireless networks including offering 1.3Gbps of bandwidth… Read more »

For safety’s sake let cars talk

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Earlier this year, the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration announced it would begin working on enabling vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication technology for light vehicles [1]. This step is part of the agency’s effort to improve transportation safety and it is a signal to the transportation-related industries to begin the deployment… Read more »

Graph Layout – Part 1

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Many applications, especially those that require visualizing complex information, rely on manipulating and presenting data as graphs composed of nodes and links. A graph, in the mathematical context, is a set of objects represented as vertices, or nodes, and a set of links connecting some pairs of objects. The graph… Read more »

Graph Animation

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This is another example of using Processing to create animations. The GraphAnimation program demonstrates packet forwarding by flooding. A packet sent by node A is replicated by every node (router) it reaches and sent in all connected links until it reaches the destination node N. Knowing the shortest route, node… Read more »

Network Availability: the quest for the five nines

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Any organization that relies on data networks for its core operations needs to ensure the continued availability of its network infrastructure, which includes LAN devices (switches, routers, firewalls, etc.), WAN links, Internet and cloud connections, and the support facilities (power, air conditioning, etc.). The network operator may achieve the desired… Read more »

Vehicles communication and the mysterious traffic jams

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Have you been stuck in traffic driving a car at the speed of a few meters per hour only to emerge from the traffic jam a while later not certain what caused it in the first place? Traffic experts are likely to attribute the cause to a road construction, a… Read more »